Gilbert Stuart

Gilbert Stuart (December 3, 1755 – July 9, 1828) was born in Rhode Island Colony. He is the most well-known portraitist of his time, producing more than a thousand portraits of all kinds of people during his lifetime. He studied in England under American artist Benjamin West, who you can read about in Marguerite Henry’s Benjamin West and His Cat Grimalkin. Stuart’s special talent for portraiture was first recognized in The Skater.

Stuart returned to America as a renowned portraitist. He was invited to paint portraits of the first six American presidents as well as kings of England and France. Below are two pictures of George Washington. One is the unfinished Athenaeum, which is the portrait used on the dollar bills, and the other is the Lansdowne, which is a full-length portrait of Washington that hangs in the White House. Stuart also painted portraits of regular people, including Thayendanegea and George Washington’s Cook.

George Washington Lansdowne By Gilbert Stuart – http://www.nga.gov/exhibitions/2005/stuart/philadelphia.shtm, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=33579
George Washington Athenaeum By Gilbert Stuart – This file was derived from Gilbert Stuart 1796 portrait of Washington.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=72191883
Stuart, Gilbert; Thayendanegea (Joseph Brant, c.1743-1807); British Museum; http://www.artuk.org/artworks/thayendanegea-joseph-brant-c-17431807-191648
Benjamin West: By Gilbert Stuart – The Athenaeum: Home – info – pic, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=865161
The Skater By Gilbert Stuart – originally uploaded on en.wikipedia by Csberger (talk · contribs) on 7 July 2005, 18:58. The filename was GSskater.jpg.. Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons by Legoktm using CommonsHelper., Public Domain, https:/commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5659639 
George Washington’s Cook:  By Gilbert Stuart – Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid, Colección Permanente, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10980759  

(Portrait in Heading is Gilbert Stuart By Sarah Goodridge – OAGcIXL4qpe8VA at Google Cultural Institute maximum zoom level, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=73311287)